Host plant resistance to insects

concepts and applications
  • 578 Pages
  • 2.12 MB
  • 4188 Downloads
  • English

Panima Pub. Corp. , New Delhi About the Edition

Contributed articles.

Statementedited by G.S. Dhaliwal, Ram Singh.
ContributionsDhaliwal, G. S., Singh, Ram, professor of Entomology.
The Physical Object
Paginationxii, 578 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3330126M
ISBN 108186535497
LC Control Number2004307560

Condition: Very Good. Except for name written top right corner of cover, book's as almost like new, crisp clean pages, softcover, Toward insect resistant maize for the Third World: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Methodologies for Developing Host Plant Resistance to Maize Insects, CIMMYT, Mexico, March This book presents a broad overview of host plant resistance to insect pests.

It shows how plants can defend themselves naturally and how insects have adapted to overcome these mechanisms through coevolution. It also describes screening and breeding for insect resistance. I would argue that host plant resistance to insect pests really got going after Dr.R.H.

Painter published his book “Insect Resistance in Crop Plants” in In this book, Dr.

Description Host plant resistance to insects EPUB

Painter defined genetic resistance to insects. MECHANISMS ECOLOGICAL AND GENETIC RESISTANCE Host Plant Resistance (HPR) Definition “Those characters that enable a plant to avoid, tolerate or recover from attacks of insects under conditions that would cause greater injury to other plants of the same species” (Painter, R.H., ).

File Size: KB. This book reviews and synthesizes the recent advances in exploiting host plant resistance to insects, highlighting the role of molecular techniques in breeding insect resistant crops.

It also provides an overview of the fascinating field of insect-plant relationships, which is fundamental to the study of host-plant resistance to insects.

The current concepts of host plant resistance to insects are reviewed in this book. The broad coverage includes crop plant and insect diversity, mechanisms of insect-plant interactions, host plant selection, components of resistance, the biochemical basis for resistance, mechanisms of resistance, factors affecting expression of resistance, screening techniques for resistance, the Cited by: Host plant resistance (HPR) to insects is an effective, economical, and environment friendly method of pest control.

The most attractive feature of. The implication Host plant resistance to insects book that insects with a long-term association with a host-plant species have the genetic plasticity to overcome defense strategies of the host plant. That is, resistance in plants that evolved with an insect could be susceptible to being overcome by.

PLANT PUBESCENCE Insects with piercing and sucking mouth parts are deterred from feeding on hairy plants or vascular bundles. Breeding of hairy cottons in Africa and Asia to combat the Jassids Empoasca spp.

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constitutes the foremost host plant resistance (HPR). Pargell et al., () demonstrated that greater hairiness to both upland cotton.

Host plant resistance (HPR) is one of the eco-friendly methods of pest management. It protects the crop by making it less suitable or tolerant to the pest.

While books on theoretical aspects of HPR are available, an exclusive book on the practical aspects is lacking. The overuse and misuse of insecticides some four decades ago created major environmental problems and was followed by the development of an integrated pest management approach to crop pests.

This approach utilizes a combination of host plant resistance and cultural, biological and chemical control methods.5/5.

Plant defense against herbivory or host-plant resistance (HPR) describes a range of adaptations evolved by plants which improve their survival and reproduction by reducing the impact of herbivores.

Plants can sense being touched, and they can use several strategies to defend against damage caused by herbivores. Many plants produce secondary metabolites, known as. Host Plant Resistance and Insect Pest Management in Chickpea Insecticides have been in use indiscriminately leading to the acquisition of resistance inadvertently in insects to all groups of.

- Buy Host Plant Resistance To Insects:Concepts And Applications book online at best prices in india on Read Host Plant Resistance To Insects:Concepts And Applications book reviews & author details and more at Author: Ram Singh G S Dhaliwal. Induced resistance, or resistance triggered by prior herbivore attack, has a number of potential uses in crop protection that are only now beginning to be explored.

The use of plant resistance for managing arthropod pests in rice illustrates many aspects of the use of host-plant resistance in pest by: 7.

The book would prove useful to all those interested in developing durable insect resistant varieties and would also serve as an advanced text in host plant resistance to insects. Host Plant Resistance to Insects: Concepts and Applications by G S Dhaliwal and Ram Singh: As New Hardbound () New | Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd.

-insect interactions, host-plant resistance, and integrated pest management: Michael J. Stout, Louisiana State University Agricultural Centre, USA; Part 2 Cultural and physical methods in IPM es in breeding crops resistant to insect pests: rice as a paradigm: E.

Heinrichs and John E. Foster, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA. The Effects of Plant Biochemicals on Insect Growth and Nutritional Physiology JOHN C. REESE Chapter 9, DOI: /bkch Publication Date (Print): June 1, KEY WORDS Vegetables, host plant resistance, integrated pest management.

In several cereal and forage crops.

Details Host plant resistance to insects FB2

host plant resistance to insects (PR!) has been an extremely successful technique for suppressing pest populations or damage.

In contrast, there has been much less use of this method for the. The authoritative overviews in this volume provide a wealth of practical information on current approaches to the study of insect-plant interactions.

Methods described include direct behavioral observation; assays of host finding, oviposition, and feeding behavior of insect herbivores; post-ingestion physiological effects; measurement of food quality and sensory responses of insects.

This book presents a broad overview of host plant resistance to insect pests. It shows how plants can defend themselves naturally and how insects have adapted to overcome these mechanisms through coevolution.

It also describes screening and breeding for insect : Niranjan Panda, Gurdev S. Khush. Volume 6, Issue 3 (Host Plant Resistance and its Significance in Pest Management) Junepp. Types and mechanisms Cited by: Plant Resistance to Insects: A Fundamental Component of IPM | Radcliffe's IPM World Textbook Host-plant resistance HPR to insect pests is considered one of the key tactics for insect control, particularly in developing countries where utilization of other control methods such as pesticides is often difficult or unwise/ Screening for Insect Resistance -- 9.

Plant Resistance and Insect Pest Management -- Genetics of Resistance to Insects -- Breeding for Resistance to Insects -- References -- Index.\/span>\"@ en\/a> ; \u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\n schema:description\/a> \" This text presents a broad overview of host plant resistance to insect pests.

It shows how. This text presents a broad overview of host plant resistance to insect pests. It shows how plants can defend themselves naturally and how insects have adapted to overcome these mechanisms through co-evolution.

It also describes screening and breeding for insect resistance. This profusely illustrated book with an underlying IPM and ecological approach takes a fresh look at yield losses from insects and diseases and contains a wealth of information for rice plant protection specialists. It is specifically targeted to students, teachers, researchers, extension officers and agricultural development workers.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle.

Host plant resistance against insect pests in pepper and tomato Virus transmission Yield and quality loss Problems increase Ban on insecticides Climate change host plant resistance. How do plantsdefendthemselves Direct defense physicaland/or chemicaltraits Indirect defense known effects on insects Maharijaya, et al.

Size: 7MB. The effects of host plant resistance on entomophagous insects are well documented for interactions in a three-level trophic system, and several mechanisms have been highlighted. For example, Brewer et al. () reported that parasitoid populations were larger on susceptible barley cultivars than on cultivars resistant to aphids, due to the.

The mechanisms underlying plant resistance to invading herbivores on the one side, and insect food specialization on the other, are the main subjects of this book. For insects these include food-plant selection and the complex sensory processes involved, with their implications for learning and nutritional physiology, as well as the Cited by:.

Reginald Henry Painter (12 September – 23 December ) was an American entomologist and agronomist who was a specialist on plant adaptations against insects and their use for agriculture.

He outlined these ideas in the landmark textbook Insect Resistance in Crop Plants (), in which he identified three distinct mechanisms and popularized the idea of Authority control: ISNI: .In Bt corn, Bt cotton, and Bt potatoes, genes that direct Bt toxin production have been inserted into plants so that seeds (or seed pieces) carry the instructions for plants to produce Bt toxins for insect resistance (host plant resistance to insects).Host plant resistance Techniques to screen for resistance to insect pests.

The ability to develop insect-resistant cultivars, use of marker-assisted selection, and development of transgenic plants with insect resistance depends on the precision of .